Area 1: Ownership of addiction

Led by Matilda Hellman (University of Helsinki)

Public discourse and the social images of drugs and their consumers, as well as the role of different actors and networks, have changed over time. Area 1 will investigate the ownership of addictions through a historical study, an analysis of public and private stakeholder views on addictions, and through image analyses of professional and citizenship views.

  • WP1 - Addiction through the ages - investigates the emergence of different concepts of addiction for different addictive substances and activities from historical, social and political science perspectives. Led by Virginia Berridge (London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine).


D1.1 - Report: Addiction through the ages (for logged-in users only)

The Italian “alcohol question” from 1860 to 1930: Two opposing scientific interpretations. Petrilli & Beccaria.

Addiction in Europe, 1860s-1960s: Concepts and Responses in Italy, Poland, Austria and the United Kingdom. (2014) Berridge, Mold et al.

The Swedish drug problem: conceptual understanding and problem handling 1839-2011. (2014) Edman and Olssen

Guest Editors’ Introduction Special Issue on Concepts of Addiction in Europe, 1860s- 1930s. (2014) Berridge and Mold

Passion and Insanity: A Twofold Concept of Addiction in Austria Before World War Two. (2014) Irmgard    Eisenbach-Stangl

The Complexity of Addiction: Conceptions of Alcohol and Drug Addiction among Italian scholars, 1860s-1930s. (2014) Beccaria and Petrilli

The Changing Meaning of Addiction in Polish Medical Literature of the Late Nineteenth Century and Early Twentieth Century. (2014) Moskalewicz and Herczyńska

From Inebriety to Addiction: Terminology and Concepts in the UK, 1860-1930. (2014) Berridge, Walke and Mold

”Hard-to-define abstract concepts”: addiction terminology and the social handling of problematic substance us in the Nordic countries. (2014) Room

Away with tobacco? On early understandings of tobacco as a problem and the associated attempts at political regulation of tobacco in Norway 1900-1930. (2014) Gunnar Sæbø

From the birth of the smokers’ clinic to the invention of Nicorette: Problamatizing smoking as addiction in Sweden 1955-1971. (2014) Mark Elam

The implications of the concept “nikotiiniriippuvuus” in the Finnish tobacco discussion. (2014) Matilda Hellman, Maija Majamäki and Pekka Hakkarainen

The Swedish drug problem: Conceptual understanding and problem handling, 1839-2011. (2014) Johan Edman and Börje Olsson

Construction and handling of drug problems in Denmark from the 1870s to the 1980s. (2014) Esben Houborg

Medicalization of the social perspective: Changing conceptualizations of drug problems in Finnish social care and substance abuse treatment. (2014) Pia Rosenqvist and Kerstin Stenius

Governmental conceptions of the drug problem: A review of Norwegian governmental papers 1865-2012. (2014) Astrid Skretting



  • WP2 - Stakeholder analysis – analyses public and private stakeholder views and their dialogue to build consensus in policy arenas using qualitative research approaches. Led by Betsy Thom (Middlesex University Higher Education Corporation).

Stakeholders in opioid substitution treatment policy: similarities and differences in six European countries. Thom, Duke, et al.

Substitution treatment in the era of "recovery": An analysis of stakeholder roles and policy windows in Britain. Duke, Herring, et al.

Shifts in opioid substitution treatment policy in Denmark from 2000-2011. Frank, Bjerge & Houborg.

Walking through mud; history of the Polish methadone maintenance treatment from its stakeholders' perspectiveMoskalwicz and Welbel.

Behind the scenes: the justifications for opioid maintenance treatment in Finland. Perälä, Hellman & Leppo.

Stakeholders' role in contemporary "substitute drug" prescribing policies in Italy. Beccaria & Rolando.

Deviance or innovation? Recent changes of drug substitution treatment policy in Austria. Eisenbach-Stangl.

The role of evidence and the expert in contemporary processes of governance: The case of opioid substitution treatment policy in England. Duke & Thom.

Drug consumption rooms and the role of politics and governance in policy processes. Houborg & Frank.

From Zero-tolerance to Non-enforcement: Creating a New Space for Drug Policing in Copenhagen, Denmark. Houborg, Frank & Bjerge.

Fra forbudszone til bufferzone. Ny politik i forhold til stofscenen på Vesterbro. (2014) Houborg, Frank and Bjerge

The Italian politics of alcohol: The creation of a public arena at the end of the 20th century. (2014) Beccaria and Rolando

Producing the 'problem of drugs': A cross national-comparison of 'recovery' discourse in two Australian and British reports. (2015)  Lancaster, Duke and Ritter



  • WP3 - Images - provides knowledge on how society defines, understands and categorises addictions (alcohol, drugs, tobacco, eating disorders, gambling, sex) and how this varies within society and between different cultural, historical and policy contexts. Led by Matilda Hellman.


Area 1 will analyse and synthesise the role of science and evidence in the definitions of addiction and in the formulation of public policy. Moreover, the analysis of the positioning and the influence (power) of different stakeholder groups on policy and interventions is crucial for the understanding of the policy arena. As a whole, the potential economic, health, and social consequences of new or alternative approaches – and their ownership – will be analysed in the project using foresight methodologies. These will be packaged as policy options for public and political debate at the EU and national levels.

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Area 1 internal documents (for logged-in users only)